Chanteur et compositeur Rhythm 'n' Blues US, né Raymond Charles Robinson le 23 Septembre 1930 à Albany (Georgie). Ray Charles, aveugle depuis l'age de 6 ans, a débuté en 1949 en formant un groupe: le "Maxim Trio". De 1952 à 59, Ray va composer et enregistrer quelques unes des plus grandes chansons du répertoire US, tout styles confondus. Il a enregistré pour Atlantic Records, et sera surnommé "The Genius". L'influence de Ray Charles a été énorme, même si à la fin sa créativité était en hibernation, ses disques sans intérêt et ses shows stéréotypés (1980). Ray est décédé le 10 Juin 2004.

Ray Charles was the musician most responsible for developing soul music. Singers like Sam Cooke and Jackie Wilson also did a great deal to pioneer the form, but Charles did even more to devise a new form of black pop by merging '50s R&B with gospel-powered Vocalss, adding plenty of flavor from contemporary jazz, blues, and (in the '60s) country. Then there was his singing; his style was among the most emotional and easily identifiable of any 20th-century performer, up there with the likes of Elvis and Billie Holiday. He was also a superb keyboard player, arranger, and bandleader. The brilliance of his 1950s and '60s work, however, can't obscure the fact that he made few classic tracks after the mid-'60s, though he recorded often and performed until the year before his death.
Blind since the age of six (from glaucoma), Charles studied composition and learned many instruments at the St. Augustine School for the Deaf and the Blind. His parents had died by his early teens, and he worked as a musician in Florida for a while before using his savings to move to Seattle in 1947. By the late '40s, he was recording in a smooth pop/R&B style derivative of Nat "King" Cole and Charles Brown. He got his first Top Ten R&B hit with "Baby, Let Me Hold Your Hand" in 1951. Charles' first recordings came in for their fair share of criticism, as they were much milder and less original than the classics that would follow, although they're actually fairly enjoyable, showing strong hints of the skills that were to flower in a few years.
In the early '50s, Charles' sound started to toughen as he toured with Lowell Fulson, went to New Orleans to work with Guitar Slim (playing piano on and arranging Slim's huge R&B hit, "The Things That I Used to Do"), and got a band together for R&B star Ruth Brown. It was at Atlantic Records that Ray Charles truly found his voice, consolidating the gains of recent years and then some with "I Got a Woman," a number-two R&B hit in 1955. This is the song most frequently singled out as his pivotal performance, on which Charles first truly let go with his unmistakable gospel-ish moan, backed by a tight, bouncy horn-driven arrangement.
Throughout the '50s, Charles ran off a series of R&B hits that, although they weren't called "soul" at the time, did a lot to pave the way for soul by presenting a form of R&B that was sophisticated without sacrificing any emotional grit. "This Little Girl of Mine," "Drown in My Own Tears," "Hallelujah I Love Her So," "Lonely Avenue," and "The Right Time" were all big hits. But Charles didn't really capture the pop audience until "What'd I Say," which caught the fervor of the church with its pleading Vocalss, as well as the spirit of rock & roll with its classic electric piano line. It was his first Top Ten pop hit, and one of his final Atlantic singles, as he left the label at the end of the '50s for ABC.
One of the chief attractions of the ABC deal for Charles was a much greater degree of artistic control of his recordings. He put it to good use on early-'60s hits like "Unchain My Heart" and "Hit the Road Jack," which solidified his pop stardom with only a modicum of polish attached to the R&B he had perfected at Atlantic. In 1962, he surprised the pop world by turning his attention to country & western music, topping the charts with the "I Can't Stop Loving You" single, and making a hugely popular album (in an era in which R&B/soul LPs rarely scored high on the charts) with Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music. Perhaps it shouldn't have been so surprising; Charles had always been eclectic, recording quite a bit of straight jazz at Atlantic, with noted jazz musicians like David "Fathead" Newman and Milt Jackson.
Charles remained extremely popular through the mid-'60s, scoring big hits like "Busted," "You Are My Sunshine," "Take These Chains From My Heart," and "Crying Time," although his momentum was slowed by a 1965 bust for heroin. This led to a year-long absence from performing, but he picked up where he left off with "Let's Go Get Stoned" in 1966. Yet by this time Charles was focusing increasingly less on rock and soul, in favor of pop tunes, often with string arrangements, that seemed aimed more at the easy listening audience than anyone else. Charles' influence on the rock mainstream was as apparent as ever; Joe Cocker and Steve Winwood in particular owe a great deal of their style to him, and echoes of his phrasing can be heard more subtly in the work of greats like Van Morrison.
One approaches sweeping criticism of Charles with hesitation; he was an American institution, after all, and his Vocals powers barely diminished over his half-century career. The fact remains, though, that his work after the late '60s on record was very disappointing. Millions of listeners yearned for a return to the all-out soul of his 1955-1965 classics, but Charles had actually never been committed to soul above all else. Like Aretha Franklin and Elvis Presley, his focus was more upon all-around pop than many realize; his love of jazz, country, and pop standards was evident, even if his more earthy offerings were the ones that truly broke ground and will stand the test of time. He dented the charts (sometimes the country ones) occasionally, and commanded devoted international concert audiences whenever he felt like it. For good or ill, he ensured his imprint upon the American mass consciousness in the 1990s by singing several ads for Diet Pepsi. He also recorded three albums during the '90s for Warner Bros., but remained most popular as a concert draw. In 2002, he released Thanks for Bringing Love Around Again on his own Crossover imprint, and the following year began recording an album of duos featuring B.B. King, Willie Nelson, Michael McDonald, and James Taylor. After hip replacement surgery in 2003, he scheduled a tour for the following summer, but was forced to cancel an appearance in March 2004. Three months later, on June 10, 2004, Ray Charles succumbed to liver disease at his home in Beverly Hills, CA.

http://www.raycharles.com

Talents : Singer, Piano, Keyboards, Leader

Style musical : Ryhtm 'n' Blues, Soul, Blues, Jazz, Country-Soul, Pop-Soul

http://youtu.be/6GH58UEFHzw

I'VE GOT A WOMAN (1954)

WHAT 'D I SAY (1959)

HIT THE ROAD JACK (1961)

TAKE THESE CHAINS FROM MY HEART (1962)

Years in activity :

1910 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 10

DISCOGRAPHY

78 t., Singles & EP

1949 78  t. DOWNBEAT 171 (US) . MAXINE TRIO - Confession Blues / I Love You, I Love You (I Will Never Let You Go)
1949 78  t. DOWNBEAT 178 (US) . MAXIM TRIO - Blues Before Sunrise / How Long Blues
1950 78  t. SWINGTIME 215 (US) . I've Had My Fun / Sittin' On Top Of The World
09/1950 78  t. SWINGTIME 228 (US) . Th' Ego Song / Late In The Evening Blues
09/1950 78  t. SWINGTIME 229 (US) . Someday / I’ll Do Anything But Work
01/1951 78  t. SWING TIME 249 (US) . Ray CHARLES TRIO - I Wonder Who's Kissing Her Now / All To Myself
01/1951 78  t. SWING TIME 250 (US) . Baby Let Me Hold Your Hand / Lonely Boy
03/1952 78  t. SWING TIME 274 (US) . Kissa Me Baby / I'm Glad For Your Sake
07/1952 78  t. SWING TIME 297 (US) . Baby Wo't You Please Come Home / Hey Now
07/1952 78  t. SWING TIME 300 (US) . Baby Let Me Hear You Call My Name / Guitar Blues
1952 SP SITTIN' IN WITH 641 (US) . Baby Let Me Hear You Call My Name / Guitar Blues
1952 SP SITTIN' IN WITH 651 (US) . I Can't Do No More / Roly Poly
1952 SP ROCKIN' 504 (US) . Walkin' And Talkin' (To Myself) / I'm Wonderin' And Wonderin'
09/1952 SP ATLANTIC 976 (US) . Roll With Me Baby / The Midnight Hour
01/1953 SP ATLANTIC 984 (US) . The Sun's Gonna Shine Again / Jumpin' In The Morning
02/1953 SP SWING TIME 326 (US) . Ray CHARLES with ORCHESTRA - The Snow Is Falling / Misery In My Heart
07/1953 SP ATLANTIC 999 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His ORCHESTRA - Mess Around / Funny (But I Still Love You)
09/1953 SP ATLANTIC 1008 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His ORCHESTRA - Feelin' Sad / Heartbreaker
03/1954 SP ATLANTIC 1021 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His ORCHESTRA - It Should've Been Me / Sinner's Prayer
08/1954 SP ATLANTIC 1037 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His ORCHESTRA - Don't You Know / Losing Hand
10/1954 SP ATLANTIC 1050 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His ORCHESTRA - I've Got A Woman / Come Back
06/1955 SP ATLANTIC 1063 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His BAND - This Little Girl Of Mine / A Fool For You
10/1955 SP ATLANTIC 1076 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His BAND - Blackjack / Greenbacks
01/1956 SP ATLANTIC 1085 (US) . Ray CHARLES & His BAND - Drown In My Own Tears / Mary Ann
05/1956 SP ATLANTIC 1096 (US) . Hallelujah, I Love Her So / What Would I Do Without You
08/1956 SP ATLANTIC 1108 (US) . Ray CHARLES His ORCHESTRA & CHORUS - Lonely Avenue / Leave My Woman Alone
01/1957 SP ATLANTIC 1124 (US) . Ray CHARLES His ORCHESTRA & CHORUS - I Want To Know / Ain't That Love
06/1957 SP ATLANTIC 1143 (US) . It's All Right / Get On The Right Track Baby
08/1957 SP ATLANTIC 1154 (US) . Swanee River Rock (Talkin' 'Bout That River) / I Want A Little Girl
10/1957 SP CADENCE 1338 (US) . Hernando's Hideaway (Archie Bleyer's Orchestra & Chorus) / Steam Heat (Dorothy Evans, Arthur Malvin & Ray Charles)
1957 EP ATLANTIC EP 587 (US)

Ain't That Love / Greenbacks / Drown In My Own Tears / Hallelujah I Love Her So

1957 EP VERSAILLES 90 M 180 (F) Lonely Avenue / What Would I Do Without You / Leave My Woman Alone / I Want To Know
01/1958 SP ATLANTIC 1172 (US) . Talkin' 'Bout You / What Kind Of Man Are You
04/1958 SP ATLANTIC 1180 (US) . Ray CHARLES with The COOKIES - Yes Indeed / I Had A Dream
08/1958 SP ATLANTIC 1196 (US) . My Bonnie / You Be My Baby
10/1958 SP ATLANTIC 2006 (US) . Rockhouse (Part 1) / Rockhouse (Part 2)
11/1958 SP ATLANTIC 2010 (US) . Ray CHARLES with The RAELETTES - (Night Time Is) The Right Time / Tell All The World About You
1958 SP METRONOME MEP 333 (SW) THE  GREAT RAY CHARLES - The Ray / Doodlin'
1958 SP METRONOME MEP 461 (SW) Milt JACKSON & Ray CHARLES - Cosmic Ray / Blue Funk
1958 EP VERSAILLES 90 M 193 (F)
Hallelujah I Love Her So / Swanee River Rock / A Fool For You / I Got A Woman
04/1959 SP ATLANTIC 2022 (US) . Ray CHARLES with The COOKIES (REALETTES) - Tell Me How Do You Feel / That's Enough
06/1959 SP ATLANTIC 2031 (US) . What'd I Say (Part 1) / What'd I Say (Part 2)
10/1959 SP ATLANTIC 2043 (US) . I'm Movin' On / I Believe To My Soul
12/1959 SP ATLANTIC 2047 (US) . Let The Good Times Roll / Don't Let The Sun Catch You Cryin'
1959 EP ATLANTIC 212 005 (F)
RAY CHARLES CHANTE - Yes Indeed / I Had A Dream / The Right Time / That's Enough
1959 EP ATLANTIC 212 013 (F) What'd I Say (Part 1) / What'd I Say (Part 2) / Blackjack / Heartbreaker
1959 EP ATLANTIC 212 015 (F) I Got A Woman / The Right Time / Tell All The World About You
1959 SP ATLANTIC 232 005 (F) Milt JACKSON & Ray CHARLES - Cosmic Ray / Blue Funk
02/1960 SP ATLANTIC 2055 (US) . Heartbreaker / Just For A Thrill
07/1960 SP ATLANTIC 2068 (US) . Tell The Truth / Sweet Sixteen Bars
09/1960 SP ATLANTIC 5005 (US) . Doodlin' (Part 1) / Doodlin' (Part 2)
11/1960 SP ATLANTIC 2084 (US) . Come Rain Or Come Shine / Tell Me You'll Wait For Me
1960 SP BARONET 7111 (US) . See See Rider / I Used To Be So Happy
01/1960 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10081(US) . My Baby / Who You Gonna Love
05/1960 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10118 (US) . Sticks And Stones / Worried Life Blues
08/1960 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10135 (US) . Georgia On My Mind / Carry Me Back To Old Virginny
08/1960 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10141 (US) . Them That Got / I Wonder
11/1960 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10164 (US) . Ruby / Hard Hearted Woman
1960 SP TIME 1026 (US) . I Found My Baby / Guitar Blues
1960 EP ATLANTIC 212 021 (F) I'm Movin' On / I Believe To My Soul / You Be My Baby / My Bonnie
1960 EP ATLANTIC 212 030 (F) Jumpin' In The Mornin' / Roll With My Baby / What Kind Of Man Are You / Tell Me How Do You Feel
1960 EP VEGA / ABC 45  90870 (F) Chattanooga Choo Choo / Basin Street Blues / Sticks And Stones / Worried Life Blues
1960 EP VEGA / ABC 45  90871 (F)
Deep In The Heart Of Texas / Georgia On My Mind / Carry Me Back To Old Virginny / Moonlight In Vermont
11/1960 EP VEGA / ABC 45 90875 (F) Hard Hearted Hannah / Moon Over Miami / Ruby / Mississippi Mud
1960 EP KARUSELL PEP 2017 (SW) GENIUS HITS THE ROAD - Georgia On My Mind / New York's My Home / California, Here I Come / Carry Me Back To Old Virginny
01/1961 EP ATLANTIC 212 034 (F) I Want A Little Girl / It's All Right / Talkin 'bout You / Swanee River Rock
01/1961 EP ATLANTIC 212 035 (F) Leave My Woman Alone / Lonely Avenue / I Want To Know / What Would I Do Without You
02/1961 SP IMPULSE! A-2 S-3 (promo) (US) . One Mint Julep / Let's Go
02/1961 SP IMPULSE! 45-200 (US) . One Mint Julep / Let's Go
06/1961 SP IMPULSE! 45-202 (US) . I've Got News For You / I'm Gonna Move To The Outskirts Of Town
02/1961 SP ATLANTIC 2094 (US) . Early In The Morning / A Bit Of Soul
05/1961 SP ATLANTIC 2106 (US) . Am I Blue / It Should've Been Me
08/1961 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10244 (US) . Hit The Road Jack / The Danger Zone
09/1961 SP ATLANTIC 2118 (US) . I Wonder Who / Hard Times (No One Knows Bettter Than I)
11/1961 SP ABC - PARAMOUNT 10266 (US) . Unchain My Heart / But On The Other Hand, Baby
1961 EP VEGA / ABC 45 90877 (F) I Wonder / Who You Gonna' Love / Them That Got / My Baby
1961 EP IMPULSE / VEGA IMP 55001 (F)
Let's Go / I've Got News For You / Moanin' / From The Heart
1961 EP IMPULSE / VEGA IMP 55002 (F)
One Mint Julep / I'm Gonna Move To The Outskirts Of Town / Mister C / Strike Up The Band
1961 EP